A brand new study has found that the price of cheap condoms is an important driver of sexual activity in the developing world.
The study, published in the journal AIDS Research, looked at condom use in developing countries from 1990 to 2012.
It found that in countries that had been largely free of HIV infection, condoms were the preferred method of contraception for about two-thirds of women, but that they were not preferred for two-fifths of men.
The finding is based on a survey conducted by the United Nations Development Program (UNDP) in partnership with a group of universities in Brazil and Colombia.
Researchers asked more than 6,000 women in 12 developing countries, and found that among them, condoms accounted for almost half of the contraceptive use in the two-year study period.
“These findings confirm what we know about condoms as a cost-effective and effective form of contraception, and suggest that the cost of condoms could be a factor behind women’s high rate of unintended pregnancy,” the study’s lead author, Dr. José Luis Montoya, a senior researcher at UNDP’s Department of Population, Population Research and Policy, told the Guardian.
“We were surprised by the findings,” he said.
“It seems to be the case that if women can afford condoms, they will have them.”
The findings, published on the United States Department of Health’s website, also revealed that condoms were less effective at preventing STIs than condoms could have been.
A study published last year in the Journal of Sexual Medicine found that condoms could prevent a woman from getting an STI from an uninfected partner, but the study only looked at condoms.
“Our findings are in line with what we have seen with other condoms, that the use of condoms does not reduce the risk of infection,” said Montoya.
“The condoms are less effective than the pills, and less effective compared to condoms for the use in sexual intercourse, so the effectiveness of condoms is very low.”
The research was done by the UNDP in partnership, with the universities of Brazil and Colombian, in order to provide a baseline for researchers looking at condom and STI use in countries with poor health and HIV transmission.
The team found that although condoms are often cheaper than other forms of contraception in developing nations, they still represent a cost for most women, with only about three-quarters of women getting their first period using condoms.
A few years ago, Montoya said, he was invited to join a study of condoms by the WHO in the Caribbean.
He said the researchers from the Caribbean, who were from the University of Miami, took it upon themselves to find out whether condoms were as effective as they claimed to be.
“In the Caribbean we didn’t know if condoms were really effective,” he explained.
“We didn’t have the data, and we didn, in a sense, just ask for it, because we were just looking for it.
And so we thought it was interesting.”
I think this work is a very important first step, a very big step, because the results are really important.
“The UNDP has been working in the region since the 1990s, when it partnered with the Colombian Institute of Reproductive Health (INRHO), which was based in the rural regions of Colombia.
Montoya and his colleagues conducted their study in a rural area in the state of Cuzco, where HIV was rampant and STIs were common.”
When we started the study, it was a bit like a science project,” Montoya explained.”
A lot of the HIV cases were in rural areas, and I think condoms were one of the first things that came to our attention.””
So we thought that maybe condoms could offer some additional protection, because HIV infections are very common in rural Colombia, but condoms were also very expensive.””
There was no drug treatment, there was little information about HIV and AIDS in Colombia, and there were very few resources available.”
So we thought that maybe condoms could offer some additional protection, because HIV infections are very common in rural Colombia, but condoms were also very expensive.
“While condom use is common in the tropics, it is relatively rare in the developed world.
And the UNDPS study, Montoyas said, was the first to look at condom efficacy in rural and urban settings in a large-scale survey.”
For us, this is a new starting point, because it’s the first time that we have looked at the effects of condom use and its impact on STI prevalence,” he told the BBC.”
It’s very important that we do the analysis with data that is not from the developing countries but in the world, because there are some issues with how we can measure condom use.
“The researchers were also able to track the use and uptake of condoms across the developing-world countries studied, as well as those in Europe, where condom availability is generally higher.”
As we look at a wide range of condom users and uptake, we find that the condom users are more likely to be men, and the condoms are the most effective for them,” Montoy